Request For Action 1
Changes from version 09 to version 10

Diff: draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-09.txt - draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-10.txt
 draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-09.txt   draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-10.txt 
WisdomTaskForce.org N. Bollow WisdomTaskForce.org N. Bollow
Internet-Draft GoalTree Consulting Internet-Draft GoalTree Consulting
Intended status: Informational March 1, 2014 Intended status: Informational November 13, 2014
Expires: September 2, 2014 Expires: May 17, 2015
Plan to Establish a Wisdom Task Force Plan to Establish an International Wisdom Task Force
draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-09 draft-bollow-wisdomtaskforce-10
Abstract Abstract
This memo calls for the creation of a new governance forum named This memo calls for the creation of a new governance forum named
"Wisdom Task Force" (WisdomTF). The main purpose of the WisdomTF is "International Wisdom Task Force" (IWTF). The main purpose of the
to facilitate consensus-seeking strategy-oriented discussions IWTF is to facilitate international consensus-seeking discussions
regarding governance actions that may be decided by national regarding governance actions that may be decided by national
parliaments. parliaments.
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79. provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on September 2, 2014. This Internet-Draft will expire on May 17, 2015.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
to this document. to this document.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.1. Avoidance of Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1. Avoidance of Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2. Start-up process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. Start-up process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3. Draft Scope Statement for WisdomTF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3. Draft Scope Statement for IWTF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4. Draft Working Directives for WisdomTF . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 4. Draft Working Directives for IWTF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4.1. Fundamental Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4.1. Fundamental Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
4.2. WG Working Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4.2. Disclosure requirements for IWTF participation . . . . . . 9
4.3. "E-gathering" electronic communication infrastructure . . 10 4.3. WG Working Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4.3.1. Software freedom requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4.4. "E-gathering" electronic communication infrastructure . . 12
4.3.2. Accessibility and compatibility requirements . . . . . 11 4.4.1. Software freedom requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.4. Request For Action (RFA) Publication Procedures . . . . . 11 4.4.2. Accessibility and compatibility requirements . . . . . 13
4.5. Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement . . . . . . . . . . . 11 4.5. Request For Action (RFA) Publication Procedures . . . . . 13
4.6. WG Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4.6. Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement . . . . . . . . . . . 13
4.6.1. Initial Informal Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4.7. WG Creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.6.2. Terms of Reference Endorsement . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4.7.1. Initial Informal Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.6.3. Secretariat Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.7.2. Terms of Reference Endorsement . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
4.7. WG Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.7.3. Secretariat Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.7.1. WG Dissolution by Rough Consensus . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.8. WG Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.7.2. WG Dissolution due to Disendorsement . . . . . . . . . 13 4.8.1. WG Dissolution by Rough Consensus . . . . . . . . . . 15
4.7.3. WG Dissolution due to Dysfunction . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.8.2. WG Dissolution due to Disendorsement . . . . . . . . . 15
4.8. Sustaining Members and the Secretariat . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.8.3. WG Dissolution due to Dysfunction . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.8.1. Categories of Sustaining Membership . . . . . . . . . 14 4.9. Sustaining Members and the Secretariat . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.8.1.1. Country Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.9.1. Categories of Sustaining Membership . . . . . . . . . 16
4.8.1.2. International Organization Members . . . . . . . . 15 4.9.1.1. Country Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
4.8.1.3. Sustaining Civil Society Members . . . . . . . . . 15 4.9.1.2. International Organization Members . . . . . . . . 17
4.8.2. Committee of Sustaining Members . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4.9.1.3. Sustaining Civil Society Members . . . . . . . . . 17
4.8.3. Secretariat Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.9.2. Committee of Sustaining Members . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.8.4. Start-up phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 4.9.3. Secretariat Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.8.5. Sustained operations phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.9.4. Start-up phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.8.6. Transition from start-up phase to sustained 4.9.5. Sustained operations phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
operations phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.9.6. Transition from start-up phase to sustained
4.8.7. Funding commitments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 operations phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.8.8. Changes to the WisdomTF Working Directives . . . . . . 17 4.9.7. Funding commitments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.8.9. Further Responsibilities of the Secretariat . . . . . 18 4.9.8. Changes to the IWTF Working Directives . . . . . . . . 19
5. Draft Terms of Reference for Some Initial Working-Groups . . . 18 4.9.9. Further Responsibilities of the Secretariat . . . . . 20
5.1. WG on limiting greenhouse gas emissions . . . . . . . . . 19 5. Draft Terms of Reference for Some Initial Working-Groups . . . 21
5.1. WG on limiting greenhouse gas emissions . . . . . . . . . 21
5.2. WG on privacy protection in the context of information 5.2. WG on privacy protection in the context of information
and communication technologies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 and communication technologies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.3. WG on the eradication of mass poverty . . . . . . . . . . 19 5.3. WG on the eradication of mass poverty . . . . . . . . . . 21
5.4. WG on standing documents on the deliberative process . . . 19 5.4. WG on standing documents on the deliberative process . . . 22
5.5. WG on framework for democratic governance of global 5.5. WG on framework for democratic governance of global
matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.6. WG on Government Activities to Further Sustainable 5.6. WG on Government Activities to Further Sustainable
Digital Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Digital Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.7. WG on a framework for regulation of online identity 5.7. WG on a framework for regulation of online identity
systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.8. WG on a framework for regulation of online payment 5.8. WG on a framework for regulation of online payment
systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.9. WG on a framework for regulation of DRM systems . . . . . 20 5.9. WG on a framework for regulation of DRM systems . . . . . 23
5.10. WG on a framework for guarantee systems . . . . . . . . . 21 5.10. WG on a framework for guarantee systems . . . . . . . . . 23
5.11. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of spam . . . 21 5.11. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of spam . . . 23
5.12. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of 5.12. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of
illegal content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 illegal content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.13. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of 5.13. WG on a framework for addressing the problem of
indecent online content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 indecent online content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.14. Directives WG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5.14. Directives WG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.1. Inappropriate Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 6.1. Inappropriate Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.2. Denial of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 6.2. Denial of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.3. Bullying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 6.3. Bullying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
6.4. Human Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 6.4. Human Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 7. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
8. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 8. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
9. Endorsements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 9. Endorsements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
10. Request For Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 10. Request For Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
11. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 11. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
While local and national political challenges remain important, While local and national political challenges remain important,
global challenges of humanity are now increasingly recognized as global challenges of humanity are now increasingly recognized as
being at least equally important. being at least equally important.
These include: These include:
o The need to limit the emission of greenhouse gases in an effective o The need to limit the emission of greenhouse gases in an effective
manner. manner.
o Privacy protection in the context of information and communication o Privacy protection in the context of information and communication
technologies. technologies.
o Ensuring international fairness in regard to economic development, o Ensuring international fairness in regard to economic development,
especially concerning poor communities and empowerment to overcome especially concerning poor communities and empowerment to overcome
poverty. poverty.
o Shaping information societies according to human needs, see o Shaping information societies according to human needs, see
[WSIS-CS] and the Internet-related working group topics in section [WSIS-CS] and the Internet-related working group topics in
Section 5. Section 5.
The present proposal provides a practical mechanism that is designed Specifically in relation to the last of these points, an outrageous
for effectively addressing such global challenges. The fundamental violation of the principle of democratic public policy decision-
making is taking place. Principle 18 of the Delhi Declaration for a
Just and Equitable Internet [Delhi] states: "Globally, there is a
severe democratic deficit with regard to Internet governance. It is
urgently required to establish appropriate platforms and mechanisms
for global governance of the Internet that are democratic and
participative. These must be anchored to the UN system, and include
innovative methods for ongoing and deep participation of non-
governmental actors in policy making processes. Participating non-
governmental actors must in turn be subject to appropriate
transparency requirements, in particular regarding sources of funding
as well as membership and decision-making processes."
The present proposal provides a practical governance mechanism that
is designed to fulfill these requirements of the Delhi Declaration,
so that international and global governance challenges can be
addressed in an effective and democratic manner. The fundamental
idea is to enhance the existing decision-making processes of idea is to enhance the existing decision-making processes of
democratic parliaments by means of developing relevant information democratic parliaments by means of developing relevant information
and strategy documents. The mechanism for developing these documents and strategy documents. The mechanism for developing these documents
is inspired by how solutions to global technical challenges related is inspired by how solutions to global technical challenges related
to the Internet are developed in the Internet Engineering Task Force to the Internet are developed in the Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF, see http://ietf.org/), and by the practices and philosophy of (IETF, see http://ietf.org/), and by the practices and philosophy of
the Free Software and Open Source movements. the Free Software and Open Source movements.
Analogous to the name "Internet Engineering Task Force", but Analogous to the name "Internet Engineering Task Force", but
reflecting the different area of subject matter (policy topics as reflecting the different area of subject matter (policy topics as
opposed to topics of technical engineering related to the Internet), opposed to topics of technical engineering related to the Internet),
the name "Wisdom Task Force", or "WisdomTF" for short, can be used by the name "International Wisdom Task Force", or "IWTF" for short, can
the group of people developing these information and strategy be used by the group of people developing these information and
documents. strategy documents.
Naturally, for any policy question there are different ways in which Naturally, for any policy question there are different ways in which
it can be framed. Such different framings correspond to different it can be framed. Such different framings correspond to different
perspectives on how the question should be addressed, and in many perspectives on how the question should be addressed, and in many
cases people's views on what is a reasonable answer to a question cases people's views on what is a reasonable answer to a question
depend very much on this framing. Furthermore, there are always depend very much on this framing. Furthermore, there are always
difficult questions in regard to how the interests and unrealized difficult questions in regard to how the interests and unrealized
human rights of those who are disadvantaged by the status quo should human rights of those who are disadvantaged by the status quo should
be balanced relative to the interests and economic and human rights be balanced relative to the interests and economic and human rights
of those who benefit from the status quo. The Wisdom Task Force will of those who benefit from the status quo. The International Wisdom
not attempt to be the decision-making forum for these questions. Task Force will not attempt to be the decision-making forum for these
Rather, the goal of the Wisdom Task Force is to work out policy questions. Rather, the goal of the International Wisdom Task Force
options and supporting documentation, in order to empower national is to work out policy options and supporting documentation, in order
parliaments to make good, well-informed decisions on what is a to empower national parliaments to make good, well-informed decisions
reasonable balance between the various legitimate interests. on what is a reasonable balance between the various legitimate
interests.
As practiced by the Internet Engineering Task Force, everyone is As demanded by the Delhi Declaration, there are some transparency/
welcome to join the Wisdom Task Force, without any formalities disclosure requirements for particpants in the International Wisdom
whatsoever. It is a key goal to enable effective participation of Task Force who are representatives or employees or business partners
all stakeholders, including interested citizens who are not subject of organizations with interests related to the topics under
matter experts. At the same time, it is also a key goal to structure discussion, see Section 4.2. It is a key goal to enable effective
the deliberative processes so that at least a significant percentage participation of all stakeholders, including interested citizens who
of subject matter experts consider participation a reasonably good are not subject matter experts. At the same time, it is also a key
use of their time. goal to structure the deliberative processes so that at least a
significant percentage of subject matter experts consider
participation a reasonably good use of their time.
One significant difference to the practices of the Internet One significant difference to the practices of the Internet
Engineering Task Force is that in the Wisdom Task Force, all Engineering Task Force is that in the International Wisdom Task
substantive work is conducted electronically via the Internet. This Force, all substantive work is conducted electronically via the
is important to ensure that all participants, including those who do Internet. This is important to ensure that all participants,
not have the financial means to travel to in-person meetings, are including those who do not have the financial means to travel to in-
able to participate fully effectively. person meetings, are able to participate fully effectively.
Furthermore, "machine translation" technologies are used to support Furthermore, "machine translation" technologies are used to support
inter-language inter-comprehension, in order to facilitate the inter-language inter-comprehension, in order to facilitate the
effective participation of people who do not have strong skills in a effective participation of people who do not have strong skills in a
working-group's primary language, see section Section 4.3. working-group's primary language, see Section 4.4.
Like in the Internet Engineering Task Force and in the Free Software Like in the Internet Engineering Task Force and in the Free Software
and Open Source movements, the key success factor for work in the and Open Source movements, the key success factor for work in the
Wisdom Task Force is to work by means of genuine deliberative International Wisdom Task Force is to work by means of genuine
processes rather than by means of some kind of power politics. deliberative processes rather than by means of some kind of power
politics.
Such deliberative processes can make use of techniques for strategy Such deliberative processes can make use of techniques for strategy
development and reasoning in complex systemic contexts by means of development and reasoning in complex systemic contexts by means of
logic trees, as described e.g. in [Dettmer]. logic trees, as described e.g. in [Dettmer].
In fact the use of such techniques, which allow to handle logical
complexities effectively, is probably a precondition for being able
to work productively when a wide variety of highly diverse viewpoints
are expressed, which will in most cases happen naturally when the
goal of including the full variety of stakeholders has been achieved,
see [NB 2014].
An important strength of these logic tree techniques is that they An important strength of these logic tree techniques is that they
allow to deal with emotions such as fear and hope in a logical allow to deal with emotions such as fear and hope in a logical
manner: They allow fears to be acknowledged and treated as a signal manner: They allow fears to be acknowledged and treated as a signal
that there is a need to do careful systemic analysis and that there that there is a need to do careful systemic analysis and that there
is a need for hope-inspiring solution proposals. Although explicitly is a need for hope-inspiring solution proposals. Although explicitly
addressing fear and hope is not part of classical logics, an addressing fear and hope is not part of classical logics, an
effective technique for doing that is probably necessary for creating effective technique for doing that is probably necessary for creating
constructive discourse processes in which all stakeholders are constructive discourse processes in which all stakeholders are
welcome to participate and where the needs, views and concerns welcome to participate and where the needs, views and concerns
expressed by every participant will be taken appropriately seriously. expressed by every participant will be taken appropriately seriously.
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consensus which is applicable here is "absence of sustained consensus which is applicable here is "absence of sustained
opposition", where the only kind of opposition that matters is opposition", where the only kind of opposition that matters is
opposition which is sustained by means of valid and legitimate opposition which is sustained by means of valid and legitimate
arguments. When necessary, the criteria for accepting text can be arguments. When necessary, the criteria for accepting text can be
further relaxed to "rough consensus". further relaxed to "rough consensus".
Similarly to how in the Free Software and Open Source movements, the Similarly to how in the Free Software and Open Source movements, the
power of the maintainers of software is balanced by everyone having power of the maintainers of software is balanced by everyone having
the right to "fork" (which means to change the name of a copy of the the right to "fork" (which means to change the name of a copy of the
software and then to start publicly maintaining that "forked" version software and then to start publicly maintaining that "forked" version
of the software), in the Wisdom Task Force it is allowed and of the software), in the International Wisdom Task Force it is
reasonably easy to "fork" a working-group and the documents which it allowed and reasonably easy to "fork" a working-group and the
develops. documents which it develops.
In this way, it is possible for different substantive viewpoints to In this way, it is possible for different substantive viewpoints to
lead to competing policy recommendation documents, each of which will lead to competing policy recommendation documents, each of which will
be published in the same way by the Wisdom Task Force, provided that be published in the same way by the International Wisdom Task Force,
a minimal threshold of interest among the so-called "sustaining provided that a minimal threshold of interest among the so-called
members" of the Wisdom Task Force is satisfied. This rule about the "sustaining members" of the International Wisdom Task Force is
minimal threshold of interest is designed to minimize the risk of satisfied. This rule about the minimal threshold of interest is
damaging the reputation of the body of documents of the Wisdom Task designed to minimize the risk of damaging the reputation of the body
Force as a whole, which would happen in the absence of a mechanism to of documents of the International Wisdom Task Force as a whole, which
prevent the publication of documents of poor quality. would happen in the absence of a mechanism to prevent the publication
of documents of poor quality.
Also, working-groups may develop recommendation documents that Also, working-groups may develop recommendation documents that
describe several possible policy choices and the respective describe several possible policy choices and the respective
advantages and disadvantages. advantages and disadvantages.
In any case, it is ultimately the responsibility of parliaments to In any case, it is ultimately the responsibility of parliaments to
make the hard decisions that choose between policy options. make the hard decisions that choose between policy options.
What the Wisdom Task Force can provide is: What the International Wisdom Task Force can provide is:
o An international perspective, based on a broad logic-based o An international perspective, based on a broad logic-based
deliberative process, to help ensure that those decisions will be deliberative process, to help ensure that those decisions will be
well-informed. well-informed.
o International coordination to the extent possible while o International coordination to the extent possible while
maintaining the freedom of each national parliament to make maintaining the freedom of each national parliament to make
substantive policy choices. substantive policy choices.
While it may appear audacious to attempt a reform of international While it may appear audacious to attempt a reform of international
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requirements. The use of the keywords of [RFC2119] describing requirements. The use of the keywords of [RFC2119] describing
requirement levels is therefore deliberately avoided. requirement levels is therefore deliberately avoided.
The participants in the start-up process Section 2 should not The participants in the start-up process Section 2 should not
consider themselves bound by any of the text in this memo, but rather consider themselves bound by any of the text in this memo, but rather
they should feel free to reconsider and revise all of these they should feel free to reconsider and revise all of these
recommendations. recommendations.
2. Start-up process 2. Start-up process
The Wisdom Task Force will be initiated by means of a relatively The International Wisdom Task Force will be initiated by means of a
informal process in which the draft rules as described below are relatively informal process in which the draft rules as described
tried out and potentially modified before they are formally adopted. below are tried out and potentially modified before they are formally
adopted.
One possible start-up strategy is to start with just three One possible start-up strategy is to start with just three
substantive working groups on the topics "limiting greenhouse gas substantive working groups on the topics "limiting greenhouse gas
emissions", "privacy protection in the context of information and emissions", "privacy protection in the context of information and
communication technologies", and "eradication of mass poverty", communication technologies", and "eradication of mass poverty",
together with supporting working-groups developing and maintaining together with supporting working-groups developing and maintaining
the needed standing documents as well as the directives. the needed standing documents as well as the directives.
It will be necessary to work on movement-building in parallel to the It will be necessary to work on movement-building in parallel to the
work on establishing WisdomTF as an institutional framework. work on establishing IWTF as an institutional framework.
3. Draft Scope Statement for WisdomTF 3. Draft Scope Statement for IWTF
WisdomTF's scope of work shall be to empower national parliaments to IWTF's scope of work shall be to empower national parliaments and
make good, well-informed decisions on information society issues, and governments to make good, well-informed decisions on information
on global issues of any kind. society issues, and on other global issues of any kind.
4. Draft Working Directives for WisdomTF 4. Draft Working Directives for IWTF
This section provides a draft set of rules that should be carefully This section provides a draft set of rules that should be carefully
considered and revised during the start-up process, with the goal of considered and revised during the start-up process, with the goal of
creating a good initial Working Directives document for WisdomTF. creating a good initial Working Directives document for IWTF. During
During the start-up process, the draft working directives are not the start-up process, the draft working directives are not formally
formally in force, but when they are not not followed, the reasons in force, but when they are not not followed, the reasons for acting
for acting differently should be carefully documented, and the differently should be carefully documented, and the discrepancy
discrepancy between the draft working directives and actual practice between the draft working directives and actual practice should be
should be resolved as quickly as reasonably possible. In this way, resolved as quickly as reasonably possible. In this way, the
the start-up process provides an initial test of how the draft start-up process provides an initial test of how the draft directives
directives work in practice, and any unreasonably burdensome rules work in practice, and any unreasonably burdensome rules can be
can be recognized and fixed quickly. recognized and fixed quickly.
4.1. Fundamental Values 4.1. Fundamental Values
The fundamental values of the WisdomTF are the vision for shaping The fundamental values of the IWTF are the vision for shaping
information societies for human needs [WSIS-CS] and that the human information societies for human needs [WSIS-CS], the 23 principles of
rights, as defined in the various international human rights the Delhi Declaration for a Just and Equitable Internet [Delhi], and
treaties, shall be upheld and implemented in every way possible. that the human rights, as defined in the various international human
rights treaties, shall be upheld and implemented in every way
possible.
Evidence-based arguments on how these objectives can be best achieved Evidence-based arguments on how these objectives can be best achieved
shall be given precedence over more speculative arguments. WisdomTF shall be given precedence over more speculative arguments. IWTF has
has a number of Standing Documents providing guidance for the a number of Standing Documents providing guidance for the
deliberative process; these shall be treated as incorporated by deliberative process; these shall be treated as incorporated by
reference into these Directives. reference into these Directives.
WisdomTF Working-Groups shall seek to provide, by means of the IWTF Working-Groups shall seek to provide, by means of the Request
Request For Action documents that they publish, the best possible For Action documents that they publish, the best possible information
information input to the decision-making processes of national input to the decision-making processes of national parliaments. The
parliaments. The Working-Groups shall seek to collect, by means of a Working-Groups shall seek to collect, by means of a balanced
balanced multistakeholder process, information about needs, concerns, multistakeholder process, information about needs, concerns, cause-
cause-effect relationships, and available evidence, and to process effect relationships, and available evidence, and to process all this
all this to the extent possible into recommendations. The Working- to the extent possible into recommendations. The Working-Groups
Groups shall particularly pay attention to any relevant proceedings shall particularly pay attention to any relevant proceedings at
at existing fora for global policy dialogue, such as the Internet existing fora for global policy dialogue, such as the Internet
Governance Forum (IGF) for Internet governance topics. At the very Governance Forum (IGF) for Internet governance topics. At the very
least, every Working-Group should be able to reach rough consensus on least, every Working-Group should be able to reach rough consensus on
recommendations of the form "Public policy regarding topic X should recommendations of the form "Public policy regarding topic X should
take into consideration the following needs and concerns... ." take into consideration the following needs and concerns... ."
Ideally (but with greater difficulty of reaching rough consensus) Ideally (but with greater difficulty of reaching rough consensus)
specific proposals for laws and others kinds of public policy specific proposals for laws and others kinds of public policy
decisions should be developed in a form that explicitly suggests a decisions should be developed in a form that explicitly suggests a
choice of options for possible choices of the balance between choice of options for possible choices of the balance between
conflicting legitimate interests, together with information on what conflicting legitimate interests, together with information on what
is known about the advantages and disadvantages (from the public is known about the advantages and disadvantages (from the public
interest perspective) of the different options. interest perspective) of the different options.
4.2. WG Working Procedures 4.2. Disclosure requirements for IWTF participation
WisdomTF Working-Groups are generally free to define their own As demanded by principle 18 of the Delhi Declaration for a Just and
working procedures subject to the constraints that everyone without Equitable Internet [Delhi], there are some transparency/disclosure
restriction must be welcome to participate as long as they requirements for participants in the International Wisdom Task Force
participate constructively, and that disagreements must be addressed who are representatives or employees or business partners of
by means of consensus-seeking deliberative processes. organizations with interests related to the topics under discussion,
specifically:
o The term "employees or business partners" shall be understood to
include any kind relationship to a business entity which involves
getting paid or funded in any way, or which involves any kind of
economic dependency.
o In the case of for-profit organizations, the name of the business,
the locations of its headquarters and its relevant areas of
business activities and other interests shall be disclosed. This
can be done for example by means of a link to a webpage where this
information is provided.
o In the case of other non-governmental organizations, sources of
funding as well as membership and decision-making processes shall
be disclosed. This can be done for example by means of a link to
a webpage where this this information is provided.
o In the case of governmental organizations, the name of the country
together with the name of the governmental organization is
sufficient.
o Persons who claim to officially represent a governmental or other
organization shall present an electronic copy of a letter which
authorizes them accordingly.
Organizational policies which prohibit disclosure of such
transparency information do not excuse anyone from these disclosure
obligations for IWTF participants. If an organization has policies
which are not compatible with these disclosure requirements, then
these policies imply that the employees or business partners of such
an organization cannot participate in IWTF.
New participants in IWTF shall be prominently informed of these
disclosure obligations and of the sanctions which shall be applied to
anyone who knowingly or through willful neglect fails to satisfy
their disclosure obligations.
Anyone who participates in IWTF while knowingly or through willful
neglect failing to satisfy their disclosure obligations shall be
excluded from participation in IWTF for a period of five years. This
penalty shall be decided and executed by the IWTF Secretariat on the
basis of clear and convincing information about such neglect being
made available by anyone to the Secretariat, after the Secretariat
has given the accused person an opportunity to try to disprove the
accusation. Legal recourse shall be available through he court
system of the host country.
In addition countries are encouraged to enact laws which criminalize
the act of knowingly or through willful neglect giving false or
incomplete disclosure information in the context of public policy
discourse processes such as those of IWTF.
4.3. WG Working Procedures
IWTF Working-Groups are generally free to define their own working
procedures subject to the constraints that everyone without
restriction must be welcome to participate as long as they fulfill
the IWTF disclosure requirements (see Section 4.2) and participate
constructively, and that disagreements must be addressed by means of
consensus-seeking deliberative processes.
Unless foreseen differently in the Terms of Reference of a Working Unless foreseen differently in the Terms of Reference of a Working
Group, or the Working-Group decides otherwise, the WisdomTF Group, or the Working-Group decides otherwise, the IWTF Secretariat
Secretariat (see Section 4.8) shall use its discretion in setting up (see Section 4.9) shall use its discretion in setting up electronic
electronic communication infrastructure for the Working-Group (see communication infrastructure for the Working-Group (see Section 4.4
section Section 4.3 below), and in reminding participants, when this below), and in reminding participants, when this may be necessary, of
may be necessary, of the principles of professionally respectful the principles of professionally respectful conduct, or of
conduct, or of international human rights law, or of the section on international human rights law, or of the section on fundamental
fundamental values in these directives (section Section 4.1), or of values in these directives (Section 4.1), or of the Terms of
the Terms of Reference of the particular Working-Group. Reference of the particular Working-Group.
If and only if such reminders prove ineffective, the Secretariat If and only if such reminders prove ineffective, the Secretariat
shall request the Committee (see Section 4.8.2) to decide an shall request the Committee (see Section 4.9.2) to decide an
appropriate sanction which may take the form of barring specific appropriate sanction which may take the form of barring specific
persons from participation in WisdomTF for a specific amount of time. persons from participation in IWTF for a specific amount of time.
The Committee can decide to impose such sanctions only by consensus The Committee can decide to impose such sanctions only by consensus
or rough consensus but not by majority voting. or rough consensus but not by majority voting.
In regard to enforcing the principles of professionally respectful In regard to enforcing the principles of professionally respectful
conduct, it is possible that policies which differ from the above may conduct, it is possible that policies which differ from the above may
be included in the terms of reference of a WG, or may be decided by be included in the terms of reference of a WG, or may be decided by
the WG. Possible measures include for example the appointment of a the WG. Possible measures include for example the appointment of a
team of "moderators" who could issue warnings about violations of the team of "moderators" who could issue warnings about violations of the
rules of conduct, and who might in cases where warnings prove rules of conduct, and who might in cases where warnings prove
ineffective have the authority to put specific participants "on ineffective have the authority to put specific participants "on
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responsibility to the Secretariat in regard to enforcement of rules responsibility to the Secretariat in regard to enforcement of rules
of conduct in general, bullying in any form (including mobbing, which of conduct in general, bullying in any form (including mobbing, which
is defined as an individual or a small group being subjected to is defined as an individual or a small group being subjected to
bullying by a larger group) may be brought to the attention of the bullying by a larger group) may be brought to the attention of the
Secretariat. Provided that the resources to evaluate claims of Secretariat. Provided that the resources to evaluate claims of
bullying are available, the Secretariat shall do so. In doing so, bullying are available, the Secretariat shall do so. In doing so,
the Secretariat shall be extremely careful to ensure that accusations the Secretariat shall be extremely careful to ensure that accusations
of bullying can not be used as a means of bullying. If claims of of bullying can not be used as a means of bullying. If claims of
bullying are found to be verifiably true, the Secretariat shall bullying are found to be verifiably true, the Secretariat shall
immediately suspend the bully or bullies (in the sense of barring immediately suspend the bully or bullies (in the sense of barring
from participation in WisdomTF), with the duration of the suspension from participation in IWTF), with the duration of the suspension to
to be decided by the Committee by consensus or rough consensus or if be decided by the Committee by consensus or rough consensus or if
necessary by majority voting. The decision about the duration of a necessary by majority voting. The decision about the duration of a
suspension on grounds of bullying shall be made within one month of suspension on grounds of bullying shall be made within one month of
the Secretariat's decision to suspend the bully or bullies. If, in the Secretariat's decision to suspend the bully or bullies. If, in
the case of mobbing, a clear ring-leader of the group of bullies has the case of mobbing, a clear ring-leader of the group of bullies has
been identified, the term of suspension of the ring-leader shall not been identified, the term of suspension of the ring-leader shall not
be less than three years. be less than three years.
All substantive discussion and decision-making of the Working-Groups All substantive discussion and decision-making of the Working-Groups
shall be conducted exclusively via the Internet, in order to ensure shall be conducted exclusively via the Internet, in order to ensure
fairness of participation also of people who do not have funding for fairness of participation also of people who do not have funding for
international travel. international travel.
All WisdomTF Working-Groups shall seek to interact with the broader All IWTF Working-Groups shall seek to interact with the broader
professional community for the respective governance topics by active professional community for the respective governance topics by active
participation in the relevant global policy fora, such as the participation in the relevant global policy fora, such as the
Internet Governance Forum (IGF) for Internet governance topics. Internet Governance Forum (IGF) for Internet governance topics.
All WG documents and draft documents shall be licensed under a All WG documents and draft documents shall be licensed under a
Creative Commons license with a note that a link to Creative Commons license with a note that a link to
http://wisdomtaskforce.org/ suffices as attribution. Textual http://wisdomtaskforce.org/ suffices as attribution. Textual
components which are developed as a joint effort by WisdomTF components which are developed as a joint effort by IWTF participants
participants using the consensus-seeking processes of WisdomTF using the consensus-seeking processes of IWTF working-groups are
working-groups are licensed under a simple Creative Commons licensed under a simple Creative Commons Attribution license, while
Attribution license, while WisdomTF documents may also include IWTF documents may also include textual components from external
textual components from external sources which are licensed under a sources which are licensed under a more restrictive Creative Commons
more restrictive Creative Commons license. (In that case, the license. (In that case, the compound document as a whole will also
compound document as a whole will also be under the more restrictive be under the more restrictive Creative Commons license.)
Creative Commons license.)
4.3. "E-gathering" electronic communication infrastructure 4.4. "E-gathering" electronic communication infrastructure
The Secretariat shall provide WisdomTF working-groups with electronic The Secretariat shall provide IWTF working-groups with electronic
communication infrastructure which provides functionality similar to communication infrastructure which provides functionality similar to
that of a an email mailing list, but with added functionality to make that of a an email mailing list, but with added functionality to make
use of "machine translation" technologies to support inter-language use of "machine translation" technologies to support inter-language
inter-comprehension, in order to facilitate the effective inter-comprehension, in order to facilitate the effective
participation of people who do not have strong skills in a working- participation of people who do not have strong skills in a working-
group's primary language. group's primary language.
This kind of an enhanced variants of an email mailing lists is This kind of an enhanced variants of an email mailing lists is
referred to as an "e-gathering". referred to as an "e-gathering".
4.3.1. Software freedom requirements 4.4.1. Software freedom requirements
With the possible exception of "machine translation" technologies With the possible exception of "machine translation" technologies
sourced from outside providers, the software for the "e-gathering" sourced from outside providers, the software for the "e-gathering"
electronic communication infrastructure shall be publicly available electronic communication infrastructure shall be publicly available
for download free of charge under a license which makes it Free and for download free of charge under a license which makes it Free and
Open Source Software (FOSS). Open Source Software (FOSS).
4.3.2. Accessibility and compatibility requirements 4.4.2. Accessibility and compatibility requirements
All electronic communication infrastructure used in WisdomTF shall All electronic communication infrastructure used in IWTF shall
fulfill all of the following requirements: fulfill all of the following requirements:
o It shall be fully accessible using a variety of computer operating o It shall be fully accessible using a variety of computer operating
systems. systems.
o It shall be fully accessible using Free and Open Source Software o It shall be fully accessible using Free and Open Source Software
(FOSS). (FOSS).
o It shall be fully accessible using assistive technologies for o It shall be fully accessible using assistive technologies for
persons with disabilities. persons with disabilities.
4.4. Request For Action (RFA) Publication Procedures 4.5. Request For Action (RFA) Publication Procedures
The Secretariat shall process requests for publication of draft The Secretariat shall process requests for publication of draft
documents as Request For Action documents as follows: documents as Request For Action documents as follows:
o Unless the Working-Group made the decision to publish the draft as o Unless the Working-Group made the decision to publish the draft as
a Request For Action documents in the presence of a representative a Request For Action documents in the presence of a representative
of the Secretariat, the Secretariat shall make reasonable of the Secretariat, the Secretariat shall make reasonable
inquiries to ensure that this decision has indeed been made by inquiries to ensure that this decision has indeed been made by
consensus or rough consensus and in accordance with the Terms of consensus or rough consensus and in accordance with the Terms of
Reference of the Working-Group. Reference of the Working-Group.
o The Secretariat shall verify that the Working-Group which made the o The Secretariat shall verify that the Working-Group which made the
request has Active status. (All Working-Groups have Active status request has Active status. (All Working-Groups have Active status
initially, this status can change to Inactive in case of initially, this status can change to Inactive in case of
Sustaining Member disendorsements, see Section 4.7.2.) Sustaining Member disendorsements, see Section 4.8.2.)
4.5. Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement 4.6. Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement
The Working-Group which has made the decision to publish a Request The Working-Group which has made the decision to publish a Request
For Action document may instruct the Secretariat to issue a Consensus For Action document may instruct the Secretariat to issue a Consensus
Call for Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement by WisdomTF. Call for Overall Rough Consensus Endorsement by IWTF.
In this case the Secretariat shall communicate to all WisdomTF In this case the Secretariat shall communicate to all IWTF
participants a request to review that Request For Action document and participants a request to review that Request For Action document and
communicate any objections within 90 days. communicate any objections within 90 days.
If any objections are received, the Working-Group shall review the If any objections are received, the Working-Group shall review the
objections and decide whether it wants to revise the Request For objections and decide whether it wants to revise the Request For
Action document. Action document.
If no objections are received, or if the Working-Group otherwise If no objections are received, or if the Working-Group otherwise
decides not to revise the Request For Action document, it may ask for decides not to revise the Request For Action document, it may ask for
a determination whether there is Overall Rough Consensus of WisdomTF. a determination whether there is Overall Rough Consensus of IWTF.
Overall Rough Consensus means that there must be rough consensus Overall Rough Consensus means that there must be rough consensus
among each of the major stakeholder categories: Governments, civil among each of the major stakeholder categories: Governments, civil
society and industry. The determination of Overall Rough Consensus society and industry. The determination of Overall Rough Consensus
is made by the Committee of Sustaining Members, see Section 4.8.2 is made by the Committee of Sustaining Members, see Section 4.9.2
below. below.
If it is determined that there is overall Overall Rough Consensus, If it is determined that there is overall Overall Rough Consensus,
the Secretariat shall add information to this effect to the concerned the Secretariat shall add information to this effect to the concerned
Request For Action document. Furthermore, the Secretariat shall in Request For Action document. Furthermore, the Secretariat shall in
this case issue a press release. this case issue a press release.
4.6. WG Creation 4.7. WG Creation
This section outlines the process for the formation of new WisdomTF This section outlines the process for the formation of new IWTF
Working-Groups. The objective of these rules is to make it as easy Working-Groups. The objective of these rules is to make it as easy
as reasonably possible to create such Working-Groups as soon as there as reasonably possible to create such Working-Groups as soon as there
is sufficient interest, while avoiding the creation of Working-Groups is sufficient interest, while avoiding the creation of Working-Groups
that would violate WisdomTF's fundamental values (see Section 4.1) or that would violate IWTF's fundamental values (see Section 4.1) or
that would not attract a sufficient number and variety of that would not attract a sufficient number and variety of
participants that output documents of high quality can be achieved. participants that output documents of high quality can be achieved.
4.6.1. Initial Informal Discussion 4.7.1. Initial Informal Discussion
The WisdomTF Secretariat (see Section 4.8) shall make "e-gathering" The IWTF Secretariat (see Section 4.9) shall make "e-gathering"
electronic communication infrastructure (see Section 4.3) available electronic communication infrastructure (see Section 4.4) available
for the purpose of informal discussion of ideas for new WisdomTF for the purpose of informal discussion of ideas for new IWTF Working-
Working-Groups. Groups.
The Secretariat shall use its discretion in reminding participants, The Secretariat shall use its discretion in reminding participants,
when this may be necessary, of the values of WisdomTF including the when this may be necessary, of the values of IWTF including the
principles of professionally respectful conduct and international principles of professionally respectful conduct and international
human rights law. human rights law.
If such reminders prove insufficient for achieving a reasonably If such reminders prove insufficient for achieving a reasonably
pleasant working atmosphere, the Secretariat shall request the pleasant working atmosphere, the Secretariat shall request the
Committee (see Section 4.8.2) to decide an appropriate sanction which Committee (see Section 4.9.2) to decide an appropriate sanction which
may take the form of barring specific persons from participation in may take the form of barring specific persons from participation in
WisdomTF for a specific amount of time. The Committee can decide to IWTF for a specific amount of time. The Committee can decide to
impose such sanctions only by consensus or rough consensus but not by impose such sanctions only by consensus or rough consensus but not by
majority voting. majority voting.
4.6.2. Terms of Reference Endorsement 4.7.2. Terms of Reference Endorsement
After at least one month has elapsed since an idea has been initially After at least one month has elapsed since an idea has been initially
proposed for information discussion, a WisdomTF Working-Group can be proposed for information discussion, a IWTF Working-Group can be
formed by three or more Sustaining Members endorsing Terms of formed by three or more Sustaining Members endorsing Terms of
Reference for the new Working-Group. The Terms of Reference shall Reference for the new Working-Group. The Terms of Reference shall
specify objectives and guiding principles for the Working-Group. specify objectives and guiding principles for the Working-Group.
4.6.3. Secretariat Actions 4.7.3. Secretariat Actions
The Secretariat shall verify that the Terms of Reference for the new The Secretariat shall verify that the Terms of Reference for the new
Working-Group do not violate WisdomTF's fundamental values (see Working-Group do not violate IWTF's fundamental values (see
Section 4.1), and that the Terms of Reference uphold these values at Section 4.1), and that the Terms of Reference uphold these values at
least as well as any other Working-Group addressing a very similar least as well as any other Working-Group addressing a very similar
topic area for which the required Endorsement has been received topic area for which the required Endorsement has been received
earlier or up to two days later. For any Terms of Reference document earlier or up to two days later. For any Terms of Reference document
which fails this test, the corresponding Working-Group shall not be which fails this test, the corresponding Working-Group shall not be
created. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that if different created. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that if different
groups of Sustaining Members propose different frameworks to address groups of Sustaining Members propose different frameworks to address
the same problem, so that one of them is clearly better from a human the same problem, so that one of them is clearly better from a human
rights perspective, then precedence is appropriately given to the rights perspective, then precedence is appropriately given to the
better framework. better framework.
When it has been decided that establishment of the Working-Group is When it has been decided that establishment of the Working-Group is
appropriate, the Secretariat shall set up the "e-gathering" appropriate, the Secretariat shall set up the "e-gathering"
communication infrastructure (see Section 4.3) and add the new communication infrastructure (see Section 4.4) and add the new
Working-Group to the list of WisdomTF Working-Groups, with Active Working-Group to the list of IWTF Working-Groups, with Active status.
status. Furthermore, the Secretariat shall inform about the new Furthermore, the Secretariat shall inform about the new Working-Group
Working-Group all registered participants including the sustaining all registered participants including the sustaining members, as well
members, as well as the general public, and all known civil society as the general public, and all known civil society organizations with
organizations with relevant expertise. relevant expertise.
4.7. WG Termination 4.8. WG Termination
This section outlines the procedures for closing down a Working- This section outlines the procedures for closing down a Working-
Group. These procedures are intended to be used not only when the Group. These procedures are intended to be used not only when the
tasks of a Working-Group have been completed, but also if it becomes tasks of a Working-Group have been completed, but also if it becomes
clear that progress is only possible by creating a new Working-Group clear that progress is only possible by creating a new Working-Group
on essentially the same topic but with Terms of Reference that on essentially the same topic but with Terms of Reference that
provide more specific guidance which makes it easier to reach rough provide more specific guidance which makes it easier to reach rough
consensus. consensus.
4.7.1. WG Dissolution by Rough Consensus 4.8.1. WG Dissolution by Rough Consensus
A Working-Group has the power of making the decision to dissolve A Working-Group has the power of making the decision to dissolve
itself. itself.
4.7.2. WG Dissolution due to Disendorsement 4.8.2. WG Dissolution due to Disendorsement
Sustaining Members which have endorsed a Working-Group can at any Sustaining Members which have endorsed a Working-Group can at any
time withdraw their endorsement. If this causes the number of time withdraw their endorsement. If this causes the number of
Sustaining Members which endorse a particular Working-Group to drop Sustaining Members which endorse a particular Working-Group to drop
below three, the status of the Working-Group changes to Inactive; as below three, the status of the Working-Group changes to Inactive; as
long as a Working-Group has Inactive status, it cannot decide to long as a Working-Group has Inactive status, it cannot decide to
publish Request For Action documents. The status changes to Active publish Request For Action documents. The status changes to Active
again if the number of endorsing Sustaining Members again increases again if the number of endorsing Sustaining Members again increases
to three or more. to three or more.
A Working-Group which has Inactive status for a continuous period of A Working-Group which has Inactive status for a continuous period of
six months or more is dissolved. six months or more is dissolved.
4.7.3. WG Dissolution due to Dysfunction 4.8.3. WG Dissolution due to Dysfunction
As outlined in Section 4.8.9, the Secretariat will if necessary take As outlined in Section 4.9.9, the Secretariat will if necessary take
corrective action if a Working-Groups fails to function. In such a corrective action if a Working-Groups fails to function. In such a
situation, a Working-Group may be dissolved if no-one is willing to situation, a Working-Group may be dissolved if no-one is willing to
serve as chairperson. serve as chairperson.
4.8. Sustaining Members and the Secretariat 4.9. Sustaining Members and the Secretariat
A Secretariat for the WisdomTF shall be established with seat in the A Secretariat for the IWTF shall be established with seat in the
Canton of Zurich, Switzerland. A host country agreement shall be Canton of Zurich, Switzerland. A host country agreement shall be
sought with the country of Switzerland which ensures that if the sought with the country of Switzerland which ensures that if the
Secretariat should not act fairly and diligently according to its Secretariat should not act fairly and diligently according to its
various responsibilities, injunctions to correct the behavior of the various responsibilities, injunctions to correct the behavior of the
Secretariat can be obtained from Swiss courts of law. Any natural or Secretariat can be obtained from Swiss courts of law. Any natural or
legal person, internationally, without restriction, shall have legal person, internationally, without restriction, shall have
standing to sue for an injunction for correction of the behavior of standing to sue for an injunction for correction of the behavior of
the Secretariat. the Secretariat.
The WisdomTF Secretariat shall be funded, and decisions of budget and The IWTF Secretariat shall be funded, and decisions of budget and
staffing of the WisdomTF Secretariat shall be made by a Committee of staffing of the IWTF Secretariat shall be made by a Committee of
Sustaining Members, as described in Section 4.8.2 below. In Sustaining Members, as described in Section 4.9.2 below. In
addition, Sustaining Members have a special role in regard to addition, Sustaining Members have a special role in regard to
Working-Group formation (see Section 4.6.2) and dissolution (see Working-Group formation (see Section 4.7.2) and dissolution (see
Section 4.7.2). Section 4.8.2).
4.8.1. Categories of Sustaining Membership 4.9.1. Categories of Sustaining Membership
This section defines three categories of Sustaining Membership and This section defines three categories of Sustaining Membership and
corresponding eligibility criteria. All Sustaining Members have corresponding eligibility criteria. All Sustaining Members have
equal rights in regard to the endorsement of Working-Groups (see equal rights in regard to the endorsement of Working-Groups (see
Section 4.6.2). Section 4.7.2).
Note that while representatives of the particular interests of Note that while representatives of the particular interests of
companies and industry organizations are welcome to participate in companies and industry organizations are welcome to participate in
the discourses of the Wisdom Task Force, they are not qualified to be the discourses of the International Wisdom Task Force, they are not
recognized as Sustaining Members. qualified to be recognized as Sustaining Members.
4.8.1.1. Country Members 4.9.1.1. Country Members
Any country which is recognized by the UN as a country may become a Any country which is recognized by the UN as a country may become a
Country Member of the WisdomTF. Country Member of the IWTF.
4.8.1.2. International Organization Members 4.9.1.2. International Organization Members
Any membership organization of which at least three members are Any membership organization of which at least three members are
recognized by the UN as countries may become an International recognized by the UN as countries may become an International
Organization Member of the WisdomTF. Alternatively, any organ or Organization Member of the IWTF. Alternatively, any organ or other
other subentity of such an international organization may become an subentity of such an international organization may become an
International Organization Member of the WisdomTF. International Organization Member of the IWTF.
4.8.1.3. Sustaining Civil Society Members 4.9.1.3. Sustaining Civil Society Members
Individuals and civil society organizations will upon request be Individuals and civil society organizations will upon request be
recognized as Sustaining Civil Society Members if they fulfill all of recognized as Sustaining Civil Society Members if they fulfill all of
the following three conditions: the following three conditions:
o They provide proof of their identity. o They provide proof of their identity.
o They provide a credible assurance of seeking to promote the public o They provide a credible assurance of seeking to promote the public
interest. interest.
o They have participated constructively in the WisdomTF since its o They have participated constructively in the IWTF since its
beginning or for the past two years. beginning or for the past two years.
The Secretariat checks whether these conditions are satisfied. The Secretariat checks whether these conditions are satisfied.
4.8.2. Committee of Sustaining Members 4.9.2. Committee of Sustaining Members
Decisions of budget and staffing of the WisdomTF Secretariat shall be Decisions of budget and staffing of the IWTF Secretariat shall be
made by a Committee of Sustaining Members, as follows: From each of made by a Committee of Sustaining Members, as follows: From each of
the three categories of Sustaining Members, up to five the three categories of Sustaining Members, up to five
representatives may be delegated to the Committee, so that in total representatives may be delegated to the Committee, so that in total
the committee consists of up to fifteen persons. the committee consists of up to fifteen persons.
When in any category of Sustaining Members there are five or less When in any category of Sustaining Members there are five or less
Sustaining Members in the category, they shall each be invited to Sustaining Members in the category, they shall each be invited to
delegate a person to the Committee. delegate a person to the Committee.
When in any category of Sustaining Members there are more than five When in any category of Sustaining Members there are more than five
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system of rotation). If they cannot agree and more than five want to system of rotation). If they cannot agree and more than five want to
be on the Committee, the Secretariat shall randomly choose, for a be on the Committee, the Secretariat shall randomly choose, for a
two-year term, five from among those who want to be on the Committee. two-year term, five from among those who want to be on the Committee.
The Committee shall attempt to make decisions by consensus or rough The Committee shall attempt to make decisions by consensus or rough
consensus. If this fails, decisions regarding the Secretariat may be consensus. If this fails, decisions regarding the Secretariat may be
taken at a meeting at which decision making by majority vote is taken at a meeting at which decision making by majority vote is
allowed, which may be convened no earlier than 16 hours after the allowed, which may be convened no earlier than 16 hours after the
rough consensus process has failed. rough consensus process has failed.
The Committee shall review any proposed changes to the WisdomTF The Committee shall review any proposed changes to the IWTF Working
Working Directives before publication as a Request For Action Directives before publication as a Request For Action document. It
document. It shall communicate any concerns to the Working-Group shall communicate any concerns to the Working-Group which is
which is proposing changes to the Working Directives. proposing changes to the Working Directives.
The Committee is also responsible for the determination of Overall The Committee is also responsible for the determination of Overall
Rough Consensus, see Section 4.5. The decision of determination of Rough Consensus, see Section 4.6. The decision of determination of
Overall Rough Consensus needs to be reached by rough consensus of the Overall Rough Consensus needs to be reached by rough consensus of the
Committee; if the Committee fails to reach rough consensus, the Committee; if the Committee fails to reach rough consensus, the
Request For Action document in question shall not be considered to Request For Action document in question shall not be considered to
have attained Overall Rough Consensus. This applies also to the have attained Overall Rough Consensus. This applies also to the
Consensus Call in the context of changes to the WisdomTF Working Consensus Call in the context of changes to the IWTF Working
Directives (see Section 4.8.8 the difference being only that that Directives (see Section 4.9.8 the difference being only that that
Consensus Call involves only the Sustaining Members. Consensus Call involves only the Sustaining Members.
4.8.3. Secretariat Funding 4.9.3. Secretariat Funding
The founder of WisdomTF is also creating a company "GoalTree The founder of IWTF is also creating a company "GoalTree Consulting"
Consulting" which has, as a principal objective, the aim of allowing which has, as a principal objective, the aim of allowing him to
him to create and build up WisdomTF. create and build up IWTF.
Ultimately, WisdomTF should however be funded by the country members. Ultimately, IWTF should however be funded by the country members.
As soon as the country members have established a mechanism for As soon as the country members have established a mechanism for
funding the WisdomTF Secretariat, the special role of the company funding the IWTF Secretariat, the special role of the company
"GoalTree Consulting" will end. This special role which ends at that "GoalTree Consulting" will end. This special role which ends at that
point has two aspects: On one hand a role in funding the Secretariat, point has two aspects: On one hand a role in funding the Secretariat,
and on the other hand a role in making informative documents about and on the other hand a role in making informative documents about
logic tree reasoning available on the GoalTree.ch website, which logic tree reasoning available on the GoalTree.ch website, which IWTF
WisdomTF links to (which constitutes a business benefit to the links to (which constitutes a business benefit to the company
company "GoalTree Consulting"). At the time of the transition to "GoalTree Consulting"). At the time of the transition to funding by
funding by country members, the company "GoalTree Consulting" will country members, the company "GoalTree Consulting" will make copies
make copies of all the linked documents available to WisdomTF under a of all the linked documents available to IWTF under a Creative
Creative Commons license chosen by the Committee of Sustaining Commons license chosen by the Committee of Sustaining Members.
Members.
4.8.4. Start-up phase 4.9.4. Start-up phase
During the start-up phase, founder of WisdomTF seeks to adequately During the start-up phase, founder of IWTF seeks to adequately fund
fund the WisdomTF Secretariat through funds earned by the company the IWTF Secretariat through funds earned by the company "GoalTree
"GoalTree Consulting". Consulting".
If the company "GoalTree Consulting" is insufficiently profitable to If the company "GoalTree Consulting" is insufficiently profitable to
be able to meet these needs, the founder will seek to find a way for be able to meet these needs, the founder will seek to find a way for
the shortfall to be covered through voluntary contributions or grants the shortfall to be covered through voluntary contributions or grants
from foundations and/or other grant-giving institutions. If a from foundations and/or other grant-giving institutions. If a
Secretariat and/or Committee of Sustaining Members have been Secretariat and/or Committee of Sustaining Members have been
established already, founder will request them to provide advice and established already, founder will request them to provide advice and
otherwise assist in this task as they are able. otherwise assist in this task as they are able.
4.8.5. Sustained operations phase 4.9.5. Sustained operations phase
In the sustained operations phase, the WisdomTF Secretariat is funded In the sustained operations phase, the IWTF Secretariat is funded by
by the country members through a well-defined and sustainable the country members through a well-defined and sustainable mechanism.
mechanism.
4.8.6. Transition from start-up phase to sustained operations phase When the sustained operations phase have been reached, the range of
IWTF's activities can be extended from providing primarily
information for consideration during legislative processes of
parliaments to also facilitating deeper engagement with policy making
processes, as foreseen by principle 18 of the Delhi Declaration for a
Just and Equitable Internet [Delhi].
In order to transition WisdomTF to the sustained operations phase, 4.9.6. Transition from start-up phase to sustained operations phase
the country members of WisdomTF may at any time propose a contract to
the founder of WisdomTF or his legal successor in this role, in which
the country members promise to jointly take care of the reasonable
needs of the WisdomTF Secretariat in a sustainable manner, and which
shall not impose any obligation on the founder of WisdomTF or his
legal successor besides licensing informative documents about logic
tree reasoning under a Creative Commons license chosen by the
Committee of Sustaining Members. If these conditions are met, the
founder of WisdomTF or his legal successor shall accept the offered
contract and execute it promptly.
4.8.7. Funding commitments In order to transition IWTF to the sustained operations phase, the
country members of IWTF may at any time propose a contract to the
founder of IWTF or his legal successor in this role, in which the
country members promise to jointly take care of the reasonable needs
of the IWTF Secretariat in a sustainable manner, and which shall not
impose any obligation on the founder of IWTF or his legal successor
besides licensing informative documents about logic tree reasoning
under a Creative Commons license chosen by the Committee of
Sustaining Members. If these conditions are met, the founder of IWTF
or his legal successor shall accept the offered contract and execute
it promptly.
4.9.7. Funding commitments
If the Committee intends to increase the budget of the Secretariat, If the Committee intends to increase the budget of the Secretariat,
the Committee shall, before making the decision to do so, secure the Committee shall, before making the decision to do so, secure
commitments that sufficient funding will be made available. commitments that sufficient funding will be made available.
Furthermore, the Committee shall regularly assess the risk of Furthermore, the Committee shall regularly assess the risk of
available funding potentially dropping below the level of the current available funding potentially dropping below the level of the current
budget, and appropriate contingency plans shall be made. budget, and appropriate contingency plans shall be made.
4.8.8. Changes to the WisdomTF Working Directives 4.9.8. Changes to the IWTF Working Directives
If a WisdomTF Working-Group proposes a new version of the Directives, If a IWTF Working-Group proposes a new version of the Directives, the
the Secretariat shall organize a Consensus Call among all Sustaining Secretariat shall organize a Consensus Call among all Sustaining
Members. If and only if there is rough consensus among each category Members. If and only if there is rough consensus among each category
of Sustaining Members for adoption of the revised Directives (as of Sustaining Members for adoption of the revised Directives (as
determined by the Committee, see Section 4.8.2), the Secretariat determined by the Committee, see Section 4.9.2), the Secretariat
shall put them in force by publishing a Request For Action document shall put them in force by publishing a Request For Action document
that gives the details about how the new version was adopted, and that gives the details about how the new version was adopted, and
requests the new version of the Directives to be followed from now requests the new version of the Directives to be followed from now
on. on.
As WisdomTF Standing Documents are treated as incorporated by As IWTF Standing Documents are treated as incorporated by reference
reference into these Directives, see Section 4.1, the same into these Directives, see Section 4.1, the same requirement for a
requirement for a Consensus Call among all Sustaining Members applies Consensus Call among all Sustaining Members applies also any changes
also any changes to the set of Standing Documents. to the set of Standing Documents.
Country Members or International Organization Members may propose to Country Members or International Organization Members may propose to
make WisdomTF part of the UN or another existing or new treaty-based make IWTF part of the UN system. Such a proposal can to be approved
international organization. Such a proposal needs to be approved in in the same way by rough consensus of all sustaining members of IWTF;
the same way by rough consensus of all sustaining members of the resulting decision will be contingent on the proposal also being
WisdomTF, in addition to whatever other steps may be required to accepted by the UN.
create a new umbrella organization for WisdomTF.
4.8.9. Further Responsibilities of the Secretariat If any of the principal organs or specialized agencies of the United
Nations wishes to negotiate any kind of agreement with IWTF to the
effect of anchoring IWTF in the UN system, the founder of IWTF shall
have the authority to negotiate and enter such an agreement on behalf
of IWTF. If the founder of IWTF is not willing or not able to
represent IWTF in such negotiations, the Committee shall appoint
another representative who can be expected to competently represent
IWTF with the goal of anchoring IWTF in the UN system while
maintaining IWTF's integrity as per the Fundamental Values and
further principles of IWTF as outlined in this document.
4.9.9. Further Responsibilities of the Secretariat
The Secretariat shall seek to ensure an official presence at the The Secretariat shall seek to ensure an official presence at the
Internet Governance Forum (IGF), for example by means of a booth. Internet Governance Forum (IGF), for example by means of a booth.
The Secretariat shall provide guidance to WisdomTF Working-Groups on The Secretariat shall provide guidance to IWTF Working-Groups on how
how to self-organize on the basis of the principle of rough consensus to self-organize on the basis of the principle of rough consensus
decision-making. decision-making.
If it is brought to the attention of the Secretariat that a WisdomTF If it is brought to the attention of the Secretariat that a IWTF
Working-Group has, for an continuous period of three or more months, Working-Group has, for an continuous period of three or more months,
failed to self-organize or otherwise failed to make any substantive failed to self-organize or otherwise failed to make any substantive
progress towards its objectives, the Secretariat shall take the progress towards its objectives, the Secretariat shall take the
following steps: First the Secretariat shall verify that this is following steps: First the Secretariat shall verify that this is
indeed the case. If yes, the Secretariat shall solicit nominations indeed the case. If yes, the Secretariat shall solicit nominations
and self-nominations from among the Working-Group members of and self-nominations from among the Working-Group members of
potential chairpersons who could organize the work of the Working- potential chairpersons who could organize the work of the Working-
Group. If at least one person is nominated, the Secretariat shall Group. If at least one person is nominated, the Secretariat shall
appoint a chairperson. If no-one is nominated, the Secretariat shall appoint a chairperson. If no-one is nominated, the Secretariat shall
dissolve the Working-Group. dissolve the Working-Group.
Working-Groups may also by means of a rough consensus decision Working-Groups may also by means of a rough consensus decision
request and empower the Secretariat to execute this process of request and empower the Secretariat to execute this process of
chairperson appointment. The Secretariat shall honor such requests. chairperson appointment. The Secretariat shall honor such requests.
Provided that the resources to do so are available, the Secretariat Provided that the resources to do so are available, the Secretariat
shall organize the appointment of an independent appeals team that shall organize the appointment of an independent appeals team that
will be available to address disputes within Working-groups, will be available to address disputes within Working-groups,
including in particular disputes in regard to actions of moderators, including in particular disputes in regard to actions of moderators,
see section Section 4.2. see Section 4.3.
The Secretariat also has the responsibility to ensure that IWTF
participants are informed of their disclosure obligations as per
Section 4.2, and the Secretariat must act to enforce the sanction if
it is informed of evidence of a knowing or willful violation of the
disclosure obligations.
5. Draft Terms of Reference for Some Initial Working-Groups 5. Draft Terms of Reference for Some Initial Working-Groups
This section provides draft Terms of Reference statements for some This section provides draft Terms of Reference statements for some
possible WisdomTF Working-Groups (WGs). possible IWTF Working-Groups (WGs).
5.1. WG on limiting greenhouse gas emissions 5.1. WG on limiting greenhouse gas emissions
This WG shall develop strategy and information documents that empower This WG shall develop strategy and information documents that empower
national parliaments to make decisions which create appropriate national parliaments to make decisions which create appropriate
global incentives to avoid greenhouse gas emissions. global incentives to avoid greenhouse gas emissions.
5.2. WG on privacy protection in the context of information and 5.2. WG on privacy protection in the context of information and
communication technologies. communication technologies.
skipping to change at page 19, line 45 skipping to change at page 22, line 12
o What are the relevant "favorable conditions" under which Internet- o What are the relevant "favorable conditions" under which Internet-
based technologies, services and/or community tools provide based technologies, services and/or community tools provide
significant empowerment to overcome poverty? significant empowerment to overcome poverty?
o What further measures are needed to achieve the objective to o What further measures are needed to achieve the objective to
completely eradicate mass poverty? completely eradicate mass poverty?
5.4. WG on standing documents on the deliberative process 5.4. WG on standing documents on the deliberative process
This WG shall maintain the standing documents which explain the This WG shall maintain the standing documents which explain the
deliberative processes used in WisdomTF, including in particular deliberative processes used in IWTF, including in particular logic
logic trees and consensus and rough consensus processes. trees and consensus and rough consensus processes.
During the start-up phase of WisdomTF as defined in section During the start-up phase of IWTF as defined in Section 4.9.3 on
Section 4.8.3 on funding, these standing documents shall heavily funding, these standing documents shall heavily reference and link to
reference and link to informative documents about logic trees informative documents about logic trees published on GoalTree.ch;
published on GoalTree.ch; this requirement ends when the start-up this requirement ends when the start-up phase of IWTF ends.
phase of WisdomTF ends.
5.5. WG on framework for democratic governance of global matters 5.5. WG on framework for democratic governance of global matters
This WG shall maintain an explanatory document about how, together This WG shall maintain an explanatory document about how, together
with what national parliaments can do, WisdomTF provides a framework with what national parliaments can do, IWTF provides a framework for
for democratic governance of global matters. democratic governance of global matters.
5.6. WG on Government Activities to Further Sustainable Digital Culture 5.6. WG on Government Activities to Further Sustainable Digital Culture
This WG shall follow up on the Workshop on Standards for Sustainable This WG shall follow up on the Workshop on Standards for Sustainable
Digital Culture taking place at the 2012 IGF in Baku, see [Culture]. Digital Culture taking place at the 2012 IGF in Baku, see [Culture].
The WG shall publish, in the form of one or more Request For Action The WG shall publish, in the form of one or more Request For Action
documents, appropriate recommendations regarding government documents, appropriate recommendations regarding government
activities aimed at the furtherance of culture. activities aimed at the furtherance of culture.
Rationale: As outlined in the Background Paper for that workshop, see Rationale: As outlined in the Background Paper for that workshop, see
[Bollow], this is important in regard to the human rights of artists [NB 2012], this is important in regard to the human rights of artists
and the general public. and the general public.
5.7. WG on a framework for regulation of online identity systems 5.7. WG on a framework for regulation of online identity systems
Online identity systems are expected to become increasingly Online identity systems are expected to become increasingly
important, for example as a foundation for online payment systems important, for example as a foundation for online payment systems
(see below). There may be a need for regulation. This WG will (see below). There may be a need for regulation. This WG will
develop a framework document on which national legislatures and develop a framework document on which national legislatures and
regulatory agencies can draw in order to minimize incompatibilities regulatory agencies can draw in order to minimize incompatibilities
between regulation in various countries. between regulation in various countries.
skipping to change at page 21, line 45 skipping to change at page 24, line 9
This WG will develop a framework document which can help inform This WG will develop a framework document which can help inform
technical standardization work about various policy concerns in technical standardization work about various policy concerns in
relation to addressing the problem of indecent online content on the relation to addressing the problem of indecent online content on the
basis of a guarantee system, and which also serves to inform basis of a guarantee system, and which also serves to inform
governmental stakeholders who are concerned about the problem of governmental stakeholders who are concerned about the problem of
indecent online content. indecent online content.
5.14. Directives WG 5.14. Directives WG
This WG shall continually observe the progress of the work of This WG shall continually observe the progress of the work of IWTF,
WisdomTF, in particular in view of the need for progress in regard to in particular in view of the need for progress in regard to practical
practical realization of human rights, and discuss any suggestions realization of human rights, and discuss any suggestions for changes
for changes to the Working Directives. Whenever the WG has rough to the Working Directives. Whenever the WG has rough consensus that
consensus that a change to the Working Directives may be desirable, a change to the Working Directives may be desirable, the WG shall
the WG shall publish a Request For Action document with revised publish a Request For Action document with revised Working Directives
Working Directives and an appendix that explains the rationale for and an appendix that explains the rationale for the changes. This
the changes. This document shall not be phrased as definitely document shall not be phrased as definitely containing the new
containing the new Working Directives, but rather as a request to the Working Directives, but rather as a request to the body of Sustaining
body of Sustaining Members of WisdomTF to adopt the proposed new Members of IWTF to adopt the proposed new Working Directives.
Working Directives. (Adoption of such a revised Working Directives (Adoption of such a revised Working Directives document is done by
document is done by rough consensus among the Sustaining Members of rough consensus among the Sustaining Members of IWTF.)
WisdomTF.)
Rationale: Every organization needs to observe its own performance, Rationale: Every organization needs to observe its own performance,
and to take corrective action when necessary. and to take corrective action when necessary.
6. Security Considerations 6. Security Considerations
Similarly to security considerations for technical systems (see Similarly to security considerations for technical systems (see
RFC 3552 [RFC3552]), governance fora and processes need to be RFC 3552 [RFC3552]), governance fora and processes need to be
designed for robustness against attempts of "inappropriate usage" and designed for robustness against attempts of "inappropriate usage" and
"denial of service". In addition, the integrity of WisdomTF work "denial of service". In addition, the integrity of IWTF work with
with regard to human rights needs to be safeguarded. regard to human rights needs to be safeguarded.
6.1. Inappropriate Usage 6.1. Inappropriate Usage
Clearly WisdomTF needs rules governing the interaction between Clearly IWTF needs rules governing the interaction between
participants. In the absence of appropriate rules, participation in participants. In the absence of appropriate rules, participation in
WisdomTF cannot be expected to be effective, time-efficient and a IWTF cannot be expected to be effective, time-efficient and a
pleasant experience. pleasant experience.
These rules need to be designed so that bona fide well-intentioned These rules need to be designed so that bona fide well-intentioned
newcomers with reasonably good communication skills will be able to newcomers with reasonably good communication skills will be able to
quickly learn how to participate effectively, while on the other hand quickly learn how to participate effectively, while on the other hand
there need to be effective disincentives that discourage and penalize there need to be effective disincentives that discourage and penalize
disruptive and non-constructive behavior. disruptive and non-constructive behavior.
6.2. Denial of Service 6.2. Denial of Service
It is particularly important to avoid vulnerability of WisdomTF and It is particularly important to avoid vulnerability of IWTF and its
its working-groups to the political equivalent of what is called working-groups to the political equivalent of what is called "denial
"denial of service" attacks in the technical realm: It must not be of service" attacks in the technical realm: It must not be possible
possible for beneficiaries of the status quo (who may fear a for beneficiaries of the status quo (who may fear a potential loss of
potential loss of power) to disrupt discussions that could against power) to disrupt discussions that could against their specific
their specific particular interests. particular interests.
6.3. Bullying 6.3. Bullying
It is especially important to ensure that WisdomTF participants are It is especially important to ensure that IWTF participants are not
not regularly subjected to bullying by those who (for reasons of regularly subjected to bullying by those who (for reasons of specific
specific particular interests) might wish to prevent the effective particular interests) might wish to prevent the effective
participation of their political opponents or competitors. participation of their political opponents or competitors.
6.4. Human Rights 6.4. Human Rights
The rules of WisdomTF need to ensure that all recommendations The rules of IWTF need to ensure that all recommendations published
published by its working-groups are designed to uphold the by its working-groups are designed to uphold the fundamental
fundamental principles which are internationally recognized as human principles which are internationally recognized as human rights, and
rights, and to improve as much as possible the practical ability of to improve as much as possible the practical ability of people
people everywhere to enjoy their human rights. everywhere to enjoy their human rights.
7. IANA Considerations 7. IANA Considerations
This memo includes no request to IANA. This memo includes no request to IANA.
8. Acknowledgements 8. Acknowledgements
This memo has been inspired significantly by postings on the mailing This memo has been inspired significantly by postings on the mailing
list of the Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus [IGC] from list of the Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus [IGC] from
various participants, including Bertrand de La Chapelle, Avri Doria, various participants, including Bertrand de La Chapelle, Avri Doria,
skipping to change at page 23, line 44 skipping to change at page 26, line 12
Comments and other feedback of any kind regarding this Internet-Draft Comments and other feedback of any kind regarding this Internet-Draft
are requested in the form of personal communications to the author. are requested in the form of personal communications to the author.
11. Informative References 11. Informative References
[Ban 2013-08-28] [Ban 2013-08-28]
Ban Ki-moon, "Secretary-General's Freedom Lecture at Ban Ki-moon, "Secretary-General's Freedom Lecture at
Leiden University", 2013, Leiden University", 2013,
<http://www.un.org/sg/statements/index.asp?nid=7046>. <http://www.un.org/sg/statements/index.asp?nid=7046>.
[Bollow] Bollow, N., "Standards for Sustainable Digital Culture
(Background Paper)", 2012,
<http://bollow.ch/papers/SustainableDigitalCulture.pdf>.
[Culture] Bollow, N., "IGF Workshop: Standards for Sustainable [Culture] Bollow, N., "IGF Workshop: Standards for Sustainable
Digital Culture", 2012, Digital Culture", 2012,
<http://wsms1.intgovforum.org/node/21>. <http://wsms1.intgovforum.org/node/21>.
[Delhi] Just Net Coalition, "Delhi Declaration for a Just and
Equitable Internet", 2014,
<http://justnetcoalition.org/delhi-declaration>.
[Dettmer] Dettmer, H W., "The Logical Thinking Process", ISBN 978-0- [Dettmer] Dettmer, H W., "The Logical Thinking Process", ISBN 978-0-
87389-723-5, 2008. 87389-723-5, 2008.
[IGC] Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus, "Mailing list", [IGC] Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus, "Mailing list",
<http://igcaucus.org/membership>. <http://igcaucus.org/membership>.
[NB 2012] Bollow, N., "Standards for Sustainable Digital Culture
(Background Paper)", 2012,
<http://bollow.ch/papers/SustainableDigitalCulture.pdf>.
[NB 2014] Bollow, N., "Logic trees for inclusive discourse", 2014,
<http://bollow.ch/papers/LT4Inclusion.pdf>.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3552] Rescorla, E. and B. Korver, "Guidelines for Writing RFC [RFC3552] Rescorla, E. and B. Korver, "Guidelines for Writing RFC
Text on Security Considerations", BCP 72, RFC 3552, Text on Security Considerations", BCP 72, RFC 3552,
July 2003. July 2003.
[WSIS-2003] [WSIS-2003]
UN World Summit on the Information Society, "Declaration UN World Summit on the Information Society, "Declaration
of Principles. Building the Information Society: a global of Principles. Building the Information Society: a global
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